Category: Law

Common Law

I INTRODUCTION Common Law, a term used to refer to the main body of English unwritten law that evolved from the 12th century onward. The name comes from the idea that English medieval law, as administered by the courts of the realm, reflected the common customs of the kingdom. This system of law prevails in […]

International Law, Private

I INTRODUCTION International Law, Private, that part of the law of a country that applies to cases involving the foreign law. II CONCERNS Private international law is concerned with various matters that are handled by a court of law in the following order. First, the court must decide whether or not it has jurisdiction in […]

Company Law

I INTRODUCTION Company Law, the law relating to commercial institutions and their regulation and operation. The cornerstone of company law is the limited company, an institution that allows trade and commerce to flourish. II LIMITED COMPANIES Until the 19th century, a group of people engaging in trade could only be a partnership. There were exceptions […]

Code (law)

I INTRODUCTION Code (law), in jurisprudence, a systematic compilation of law in written form, issued by rulers in former times and promulgated by the legislative authority after the rise of representative governments. Early legal codes were little more than statements of the bodies of customs that had obtained the force of law in civilized communities. […]

Administrative Law

I INTRODUCTION Administrative Law, a branch of law concerned with the regulation of governmental power. It is intrinsically related to the constitutional framework and political theory from which it has developed. Principal objectives of administrative law include the accountability of governmental power and the resolution of grievances of those affected by administrative decision-making. While some […]

Civil Law

I INTRODUCTION Civil Law, a term applied to the body of private law used in those countries in which the legal system is based on the ancient Roman law as modified by medieval and modern influences. Civil law is used in most nations in Europe and Latin America, as well as in some countries in […]


I INTRODUCTION Law, the body of official rules and regulations, generally found in constitutions, legislation, judicial opinions, and the like, that is used to govern a society and to control the behaviour of its members. The nature and functions of law have varied throughout history. In modern societies, some authorized body such as a legislature […]

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